Research Wire: February 2020

A team of computer scientists at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis is working with researchers from the Brown School and the School of Law to develop a framework for algorithms that can make decisions with fair outcomes. The game theory-based framework, to be called FairGame, will include an auditor that can determine potential fairness violations.

Yevgeniy Vorobeychik, associate professor of computer science and engineering, is principal investigator on the project, which received a three-year $444,145 grant from the National Science FoundationRead more on the engineering site.

Lee Sobotka, professor of chemistry and of physics, and Robert Charity, research professor of chemistry, all in Arts & Sciences, were recently awarded a three-year $1.365 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to support their studies of nuclear reactions and nuclear structure. The researchers explore the mechanisms by which common elements, such as carbon, are formed from unstable, intermediate isotopes.

Michael J. Holtzman, MD, the Selma and Herman Seldin Professor of Medicine and director of the Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine at the School of Medicine, has received a 2020 Scholar-Innovator Award from the Harrington Discovery Institute at University Hospitals in Cleveland. He is one of six physician-scientists from the U.S. and Canada selected for a grant supporting drug development. The grant provides a total of $100,000 in funding for a new drug to correct stem cell reprogramming in the lining of the airway, in an effort to improve treatment of respiratory diseases.

Nan Liu, research assistant professor in physics in Arts & Sciences, received a $493,885 grant from NASA to study presolar grains in primitive meteorites. Under her new project, “Isotopic Characterization of Presolar Supernova Grains: Constraints on Dust Formation and Nucleosynthesis in Type II Supernovae,” Liu will obtain isotopic and structural compositions of presolar grains from ancient supernovae to constrain the production of elements and dust condensation. Her goal is to improve the understanding of the origins of the solar system.

Gilbert Gallardo, assistant professor of neurology at the School of Medicine, received a five-year, $1.96 million grant from the National Institute On Aging of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for research titled “Engineering anti-tau intrabodies that reduce tauopathy by either the proteasome, lysosome, or chaperone mediated autophagy.”

Brian Van Tine, MD, PhD, associate professor of medicine at the School of Medicine, received a five-year, $1.81 million grant from the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for research titled “Using arginine metabolic therapies for sarcoma.”

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