Picturing Our Past

Evarts A. Graham, M.D., performs one of his many experiments on cigarettes and their link to lung cancer. In 1953, Graham and colleague Ernst L. Wynder were the first to establish the correlation between the two. Graham, installed as the Bixby Professor of Surgery and chair of the department in 1919, was surgeon-in-chief at Barnes Hospital from 1919-1951. His career was marked by many outstanding achievements, including the first successful pneumonectomy for cancer in 1933 and the development of cholecystography as a noninvasive way of evaluating the biliary tree. One of the founders of the American Board of Surgery, he served in leadership positions in several different professional associations. More than 40 of his trainees went on to become department chairs or heads of specialty services, a tribute to his focus on surgical education and training. Graham’s legacy lives on with a named professorship, held by Joel D. Cooper, M.D., chief of the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery and cardiothoracic surgeon-in-chief at Barnes-Jewish Hospital.

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